Basement Project

Looking to install a bathroom in the basement.  After looking at some reference materials and tips looks like there are a few things I’ll need to prepare for.  Before doing any digging it’s best to call Miss Utility

Space Design:
The bathroom area will be 5’x7′ and probably utilized the area under the staircase for storage.  It’s going to be pretty tight but it should work.  Not sure if I want to put in a pocket door or make the door swing out as opposed to swing in. 5x7.large

Floor Plan

Check if there is moisture in the walls

Seal the mudsill by applying caulk to preven entry for crawling insects.

Seal furnace ducts with duct tape

Exterior Apron insulation is an option.

Insulate foundation walls on the exterior side (and not the interior)
whenever you can. The easiest way to accomplish this is by installing
insulation in the apron area only, so you do not have to excavate all the
way to the bottom of the wall. By adding a layer of horizontal insulation in
the bottom of the trench, you can realize at least 70 percent of the energy
savings of insulating the whole wall,
Because you will be adding width to the foundation wall by installing
exterior insulation, you will need to install flashing to cover the top of the
insulation layer and whatever protective wall surface you cover it with.

Will need to dig out 18″ x 24″ wide trench next to the wall being insulated.
Coat the wall with a layer of bituminous coating to help create another layer of moisture protection for the basement
Line the trench with a 2″ thick layer of course sand, and then strips of rigid foam insulation.  The sand should slope away from the house slightly and the insulation strips should butt up against the foundation wall
Install drop edge flashing to protect the tops of the insulation board and new siding.
Bond strips of rigid foam insulation board to the foundation wall using a panel adhesive that is compatible with foam.
Install siding or faux stone panels.

Paint walls

Vent to outside
Vent hood

Frame room

Rough-ins: Run DWV (drain, waste, and vent) and water and agas supply pipes.  Install electrical boxes and run wiring.


Changing brake pads on Toyota Highlander

Here are my the instructions on how to replace the brake pads on the Toyota Highlander.   Note that these are just my instructions and is no means the only safest way to perform this maintenance. Consult with a professional mechanic to ensure the proper steps and safety measures are followed.
This brake pad change was performed for the first time since purchasing the car brand-new. The car has 48,000 miles on it.

The first thing you need to do is take off the two bolts to the plastic panel underneath the front of the car which will give you access to the checkpoint.

Jack up the car slightly and start loosening the lugnuts on one of the wheels.  Then jack up the car high enough so that there is clearance between the bottom of the tire and the floor. I think about 1 inch of clearance is good enough. From this point support vehicle by putting jackstands underneath the car. After this is completed take off all five lug nuts and remove the tire.
The next step is to take off the caliber. There will be two bolts near the back of the caliber that you will need to remove. Now take a piece of rope and tie the counter to the suspension of the car while removing it fall. Make sure you do not pinch the brake lines.

Remove the two V-shaped springs and take note of their location and fit. Next you want to remove the brake pads just by sliding in a screwdriver or even using your fingers to pry out the pads.

Remove the metal fittings from the original brake pads and place them on the new brake pads in the same orientation. Then apply some break grease only around the ends of the brake pads  where there will be contact and movement.

Place the brake pads back into the break housing in the same orientation as you took them out. Then take the V springs and place them in the brake pads to match the origin all orientation.
With a C clamp you will want to come press the brake caliper pistons and also use a 2 x 4 to help with the compression to avoid scratching or damaging the pistons.

After the Pistons I’ve been fully compressed remove the C clamp and 2 x 4 and apply grease to the Pistons. Only put a tiny amount. Remove the string tied to the caliper and place the caliper over the brake pads.

Insert and tighten the caliper bolts that were removed previously.